Ultrasound Tech Specialties | 7 Types of Sonographers

What are the different types of ultrasound technicians? Here is a guide that explains ultrasound tech specialties.

Sound waves are often used in sonography to create pictures of bodily parts. Doctors use the images to assess and track senior and pediatric patients’ health issues.

A sonographer is a trained expert who takes the photos and presents them to the physician. It is an exciting and rewarding job for people intrigued by working in hospitals.

Sonography Types

The study of sonography is a subject with a wealth of information.

You need to know the various kinds of sonographers if you consider a profession in this area. This will enable you to decide on your area of focus. Stay put because this article has all the information you need.

Until then, let’s briefly understand who a sonographer is. This will serve as additional knowledge for those with little to no knowledge about these experts.

  • Who’s a Sonographer?

These specialists may be referred to as ultrasound technicians or diagnostic sonographers.

They are healthcare professionals who use ultrasonic imaging technologies to examine and diagnose patients’ medical conditions. They can use this novel medical technology to take pictures of the inside of your body.

Sonographers frequently collaborate closely with doctors and other healthcare professionals. We refer to people who evaluate and identify specific medical issues using photographs.

These professionals are also responsible for creating patient profiles, setting up exam rooms, maintaining imaging equipment, reviewing prescriptions, researching patients’ medical histories, and other duties.

Different Types of Ultrasound Technicians

There are different types of sonographers based on the many specialties available. These experts are trained in a specific body area.

We have obstetric, abdominal, musculoskeletal, neurosonology, breast, cardiac, pediatric, and diagnostic sonographers.

Let’s briefly review these sonography specialties one by one.

  • Obstetric Sonographer

You can also refer to them as gynecologic sonographers. These experts specialize in taking diagnostic images of female reproductive systems.

To be specific, they take pictures of the fetus during pregnancy. They first verify a pregnancy, examine the fetal position, and assist in determining the due date.

After taking the sonograms, obstetric sonographers will evaluate the growth of the fetus and keep track of its development.

This will help physicians devise a suitable health plan for expecting mothers throughout their pregnancy.

Experts in this field are often found in hospitals, outpatient centers, medical and diagnostic labs, private practice, or facilities with maternity wards.

  • Diagnostic Cardiovascular Sonographer

They may go by “echocardiographers” or “cardiac sonographers.”

These specialists typically aid medical professionals in identifying conditions that can harm the heart and cardiovascular system.

They perform echocardiograms to capture images of the interior organs, such as the heart.

2D and 3D images are used to assess composition and irregularities. This enables doctors to determine appropriate treatments, surgery, and dietary changes for a condition.

Moreover, these images help doctors identify and prevent further damage.

  • Abdominal Sonographer

These sonographers are skilled at taking images of the internal organs of the abdominal cavity. They receive in-depth instruction in many different abdominal system regions.

In this way, they can effectively help doctors diagnose internal medical problems. These medical specialists can also use the images to examine anomalies, including tumors, tissue damage, or stones.

Some areas where abdominal sonographers take images include the gallbladder, kidney, abdominal aorta, pancreas, liver, and spleen.

You can find these experts in hospitals, outpatient centers, and other medical facilities that handle patients with abdominal disorders.

  • Musculoskeletal Sonographer

These experts typically take images of muscles and parts of the skeletal system for proper diagnosis. Some areas they take pictures of include tendons, joints, ligaments, bones, and nerves.

The doctor can diagnose medical conditions affecting patient mobility with these images. A similar examination is frequently performed following an incident or injury.

Experts detect musculoskeletal conditions like sprains, bone fractures, and inflammation. You can find them in urgent care clinics, hospitals, and facilities specializing in traumatic injuries.

  • Breast Sonographer

These practitioners specialize in taking images of the breast and other surrounding tissues and lymph nodes.

The captured pictures help diagnose any anomalies that indicate a growing health concern. These include lumps, tumors, and cysts. With these images, the physician will identify areas prone to cancerous growth.

Patients with abnormal monograms are often referred to breast sonographers for such examinations.

You can find these experts in hospitals, oncology centers, women’s health centers, and other medical facilities that deal with breast conditions.

  • Neurosonology Sonographer

This is a highly specialized class of sonography because it concerns the brain. Experts in this field are trained to use specialized equipment other than ultrasound to capture brain images.

The specialized instrument is known as transcranial Doppler (TCD). It has some special beams and frequencies to monitor and measure blood flow in the brain.

The images obtained from this equipment will help doctors diagnose various medical conditions. These include cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, and encephalitis.

The TCD machine can also take pictures of the patient’s spinal columns and neurological systems for anomalies. We refer to strokes, aneurysms, brain tumors, paralysis, cysts, and epilepsy.

Because of their intensive training, you can only find these experts in hospitals and testing facilities with TCD machines. However, we have some neurosonology sonographers who venture into private practice.

  • Pediatric Sonographer

The category of sonographers is specialized in capturing images of preaortic patients. We refer to children with various health conditions under the age of 15.

They take pictures of specific body parts, including the chest, spine, head, joints, hips, and other genitourinary systems. The images will help physicians identify causes of concern.

These experts are also responsible for explaining the process to their patients and families to cure their nervousness or fear.

By defining these processes, patients may understand what the physician is doing and looking for. It will also help the patient feel more comfortable throughout the procedure.

Educational Requirements for Sonographers

A one-year certification and an associate’s or bachelor’s degree are all it takes to work in the sonographic industry without advanced education or a master’s degree.

There are various types of sonographers, depending on your career choice. Researching your desired specialty is crucial before making a significant step, as it helps you make the best choice.